Project teams are typically formed for a single and specific purpose... to complete assigned projects according to plan and budget. But that's only part of the story. Every project team must have a mission (that's stating the obvious), but without an effective, suitably "aligned" organizational structure, that mission may be little more than a lofty goal - not a realistic objective. That's why "goal oriented team organization" (G.O.O.) is so useful. Read on to learn more.
The project team is a working unit of individual parts, sharing a common goal, achieved through the structured application of combined skills. Unity of purpose is essential to success, but team unity is not a given. Teams start off as a unit, but once the work begins, the individual "parts" have minds of their own. And, in fact, individuality and creativity is a key component of the team dynamic. (Also Read: Keeping Project Teams Active and Motivated)
What's the difference between a project team and a project committee? To find out, turn to our project committee article and infographics series, starting with 4 Steps to Steering Committee Success.
While team mission, composition and structure will vary according to project specifics, certain standards must always apply if a team is to be productive and successful. As project teams are organized, five (5) key variables can be used to determine overall team "organization":
When it doubt, let your "goals" lead the way. Goal-oriented organization (G.O.O.) uses defined project goals and objectives as a guideline for team structure and composition (ensuring that team structures are properly "defined, aligned and approved" considering key project definitions). This approach is used in order to increase the likelihood of project success, maximize productivity and minimize project "resource-related" risk.
Team requirements will depend largely on the project characteristics and the skills needed for planning, execution and implementation. The team approach to project delivery is the norm due to the diversity of business, management and technical skills required to complete most projects. As such, project size, scope, visibility, complexity, cost and risk variants will determine the number of resources required, and the related skills. The first step to team success begins with initial organization…. to assemble and organize available resources capable of working together as a whole through the integration of individual skills, talents and personalities.
Strategic "project fast tracking" is a streamlined project management process, specifically used to overcome the most common types of project obstacles, including insufficient time, resource shortages, budgetary deficiencies and stakeholder conflicts.
Get an illustrated view of the fast tracking process in the "Step-by-Step to a Fast Tracked Project" infographic.
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